Can technology manipulate the variables of climate change?
31 Jan 2018 - 18:12
A lot of writers spend long time to convince the reader to what extent the climate change adverse impacts are dangerous. I do not fortify myself by not being one of them, I might be the most dramatic one, nevertheless, when I discover the bright side I do not hesitate to shed the lights on it.
We always speak about Paris Agreement as an important and historical stage, so it is. But, to progress further toward our ambitious goals, we also need to know more about our available tools and certainly involving them in the collective consciousness instead making it focus in the anticipated risks.
Looking to the timescale of the climate change conferences, in 2001, the countries created the Technology Transfer Framework which known officially as the framework for actions to enhance the implementation of Article 4, paragraph 5, of the convention. What can be understood from this timescale that since 1997 and after 4 years of admitting the presence of climate change, the countries have created this framework. On top of this, that the technology has became an important element involved in the shade of grand challenges by that time. The lateness of creating this framework reflects different facts we are experiencing today. Is it logical that our running 23 conferences have not had one clear outcome yet?
Besides, it can be seen from the previous analysis that there are accumulative-minor changes affecting the lateness of outcomes. As one of the UNFCCC negotiators, in the meetings, I can easily realize how the progress will be much slower than it should be. There is no doubt we respect countries interests, but the technology today teaches us that there is a satisfied solution for everyone with a minimum loss.
By questioning what should the collective consciousness knows about the technology transfer committee, I found many important elements are totally diminished and not shown to the public in an transparent way.
To start with, the good news that the Technology Transfer Framework covers important areas which can by their roles manipulate the fact that we are experiencing extremely critical stage.
• Technology needs and needs assessments
• Technology Transfer
• Enabling environments for technology transfer
• Capacity building for technology transfer
• Mechanisms for technology transfer
As it can be noted from the first time you read these areas, the technology transfer framework is well established and the previous elements can efficiently serve the UNFCCC wheel of progress.
Fortunately, after 2001, the committee has kept their progress in fast pace by encouraging the countries adding extra four sub-themes to the mechanisms theme including: innovative financing; international cooperation; endogenous development of technologies; and collaborative research and development.
Recognising the advancement of the Technology Committee could do a lot of differences. In this regard, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina J. Mohammed said: “As we face the spectre of growing unilateralism, protectionism and isolationism, it is increasingly vital that we empower partnerships for sustainable development. In this context, the efforts of the global South are gaining traction.”.
South-South and triangular cooperation is not common term outside the lobby of UNFCCC, however, I feel it should be highlighted and inserted in platforms as it poses optimistic solution for climate change. South-South cooperation refers to the exchange of expertise between actors including (governments, organisations and individuals) in developing countries. This definition shows how the climate change is a shared responsibility in all categories of community.
As the UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed stated “the efforts of the global south are gaining traction.”, recent reports have shown the importance of countries outlining the priority areas as nationally determined contributions (NDCs) can act as an entry point for South-South cooperation and can boost climate action and sustainable development.
Continuing a step further, the reports also outline how the implementation of NDCs which are based on national development priorities will generate substantial co-benefits for the achievement of the sustainable development goals.
Technology transfer poses important pillar in UNFCCC as it helps countries to effectively adapt and mitigate with the climate change. However, the spatial differences should be taken into account. For instance, water represents a globally complex sector, due to the intrinsic linkage between freshwater resources and other sectors and ecosystems. We should accept the fact that technologies can only deployed if certain requirements are fulfilled: there is no evidence that a technology that works well in one country will deliver as expected in a different country.
To conclude, although the UNFCCC have worked hard to create important committees to face the challenge of climate change, it is highly important to create ethical committees to open the doors for the ethicists to share in this responsibility.
The ethics in this context are also based on spatial limitations as well as what may be ethical dilemma in a country, may not be in another.
Today, State of Qatar faces blockade which obliges the industrial sector to produce more and sale more, the thing which may contradict what has been proposed earlier in the UNFCCC. Finally, through this article, I invite all the writers including me to shad lights on the ethical-environmental aspect of the unjust blockade against Qatar as they will discover new and unprecedented variables.
The writer is Environmental Scientist graduated from the University of Nottingham, United Kingdom.